Thousands of immigrants living, working, earning degrees and paying taxes in Nebraska are stuck in legal limbo, Omaha and Lincoln Chamber of Commerce officials say, putting at risk the “important role” they play in the state’s economy.
That’s why the heads of both chambers joined dozens of others across the country Thursday to advocate for “Dreamers” and other immigrants with temporary legal status, calling on Congress to provide permanent legal protection and a path to citizenship.
“They are talented and committed individuals and integral to our shared growth,” said David Brown, president and CEO of the Greater Omaha Chamber of Commerce. “Progress depends on everyone.”
Brown and Lincoln Chamber of Commerce President Wendy Birdsall were among 60 chamber leaders from 26 states who signed an open letter urging leaders of both parties to end the uncertainty surrounding Dreamers, or those in the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, and those with temporary protected status (TPS).
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The two Nebraska chamber leaders cited a recent study indicating that immigrants make significant contributions to the state’s economy.
The study by the New American Economy, a bipartisan New York-based organization advocating for change in immigration policy, estimated that there are some 150,000 immigrants living in Nebraska, spending $2.9 billion annually. They also pay almost $1 billion in taxes, $344 million of which goes to state and local government.
“Dreamers and TPS holders here in Nebraska are major contributors to our economic success,” Birdsall said. “Congress must act to allow these hardworking individuals to remain in our communities, to everyone’s benefit.”
Iowa chambers that signed on to the letter included those in Des Moines, Ames and Cedar Rapids.
DACA, created in 2012 by President Barack Obama, protects more than 1 million immigrants who were brought to the country illegally as children. TPS dates back decades and involves immigrants from 10 countries who came here legally because of unsafe conditions in their home countries.
President Donald Trump has moved to end the legal protections for both groups, but immigration officials have been blocked by courts from deporting them.
Bills to end the uncertainty generally have bipartisan support and are heavily backed in public opinion polling, but they have been locked up for years by the gridlock in Washington. One proposal may come up for a vote in the U.S. House of Representatives as early as next week.
Thursday’s letter came out of a recent meeting in Los Angeles of national chamber officials to discuss the importance of immigrant workers to the nation’s economy. There were representatives of some 20 Chambers of Commerce from across the country, including Bianca Harley, the Omaha chamber’s manager of community diversity and inclusion.
The ultimate signers came from both red and blue states, from Texas, Nebraska, Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas and Tennessee to California, Oregon and Massachusetts.
Addressed to leaders from both parties, the letter noted that the U.S. economy, from agriculture to manufacturing, relies on a diverse, talented workforce. That includes some 1.25 million Dreamers and another 318,000 immigrants who are in the country under TPS. Without action by Congress, they could ultimately face deportation, even after decades spent building lives in the U.S.
“These immigrants are driving economic growth in our communities,” the letter said. “With national unemployment at near-record lows, this is a scenario we simply cannot afford.”
The chambers called on Congress to address DACA and TPS and to “lay the groundwork for the type of broader, commonsense immigration reforms that we need to compete globally.”
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Fortune rank: No. 3 with revenue of $242.1 billion; down from No. 2 last year. First cracked Fortune list in 1989 at No. 205.
History: The holding company of large- and medium-sized firms and investments has grown largely from the singular wisdom of Chairman and CEO Warren Buffett. It started as an investment pool of family and friends in Omaha in the mid-1950s. In 1965, Buffett bought the textile company that gave Berkshire its name. (Ironically, he later called it his worst investment.) His philosophy of buying successful companies with firm niches and keeping leadership in place has achieved returns well in excess of the stock market. The move into insurance was key, as Buffett uses premium reserves available for investment to fund additional purchases. Forbes notes that Berkshire now generates nearly three-quarters of its revenue from its non-financial operating businesses. At 87, Buffett is the oldest CEO of a Fortune 500 company. The company has maintained its offices at Omaha’s Kiewit Plaza since 1962.
Fortune rank: No. 137 on revenue of $21.7 billion; down from No. 126 from last year.
History: Founded in 1955 as American Family Life Insurance by John Amos and his brothers Paul and Bill in Columbus, Georgia, Aflac pays benefits when people are sick or injured. It gained wider recognition starting in 2000 with a marketing campaign using a duck that announces its name. In 2002, Aflac moved its legal domicile to Nebraska for tax reasons and located a regional office in Omaha, although its main offices remain in Georgia.
Fortune rank: No. 141 on revenue of $21.2 billion; up from No. 143 last year. Listed each year since non-manufacturing companies were added to the list in 1995.
History: The company was created by the 1862 Pacific Railway Act, an act of Congress that called for construction of a transcontinental rail line from the Missouri River to the West Coast. The first track was laid out of Omaha in 1865, and U.P. grew into a national icon. Multiple mergers over 150 years helped U.P. amass the nation’s largest rail network, with operations in 23 western states and prime rail connections into Mexico. In 2004, the railroad opened a new 19-story headquarters downtown that serves about 2,900 of the company’s 42,000 employees.
Fortune rank: No. 313 on revenue of $9.5 billion; the same ranking as last year.
History: Founded in 1868 in Sacramento, California, as Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co., the company’s life insurance, annuity and other financial products pay $2.3 billion in benefits each year. Although its main office is in Newport Beach, California, in 2004 Pacific Life moved its legal domicile to Nebraska for tax reasons and now has a regional office in Omaha’s Aksarben Village.
Peter Kiewit Sons’ Inc.
Fortune rank: No. 339 on revenue of $8.7 billion; down from No. 324 last year. Made its Fortune debut in 1991 and since 1998 has been listed every year but one. Is privately held but qualifies for the Fortune list because it publicly reports revenue.
History: Three sons of Peter Kiewit took over their father’s Omaha construction company, with the youngest, also named Peter, credited with turning it into one of the nation’s largest. The company took off while building military installations during World War II and the Cold War. It also built more miles of Interstate system than any other contractor, causing Fortune to dub Peter Kiewit “the Colossus of Roads.” Today, it is one of the largest employee-owned firms in the world and one of only a handful of construction companies big enough to take on billion-dollar projects.
Mutual of Omaha
Fortune rank: No. 337 on revenue of $8.7 billion; up from No. 342 last year. Made its debut in 1995, dropped off in 2006 and 2007, but solidly on the list since.
History: Got off to a humble start in 1909 as the Mutual Benefit Health and Accident Association, initially struggling to attract policyholders. Under the leadership of Creighton medical student C.C. Criss and later V.J. Skutt, it grew and by the 1950s had emerged as a leading health and accident insurer. The name was changed to Mutual of Omaha in 1962, and a year later it became a household name with sponsorship of the popular “Wild Kingdom” TV show. The company rebranded its familiar Native American head logo in 2001, expanded into banking in 2007, and renewed its commitment to its midtown Omaha headquarters by developing the mixed-use Midtown Crossing.
Fortune rank: No. 630 on revenue of $3.7 billion; up from No. 674 last year.
History: Founder Joe Ricketts saw an opportunity in 1975 when the Securities and Exchange Commission eliminated the practice of fixed brokerage commissions. Ricketts’ firm, First Omaha Securities Inc., began offering discounted commissions and helped usher in a new era of investing, coupled with technology that evolved from touch-tone phones to the Internet. Forty years later, TD Ameritrade has more than 11 million client accounts with more than $1.2 trillion in assets and custodial services for more than 6,000 independent registered investment advisers. Clients trade more than 940,000 times each day.
Fortune rank: No. 782 on revenue of $2.7 billion; up from No. 804 last year.
History: In 1946, Robert B. Daugherty spent nearly his life’s savings — $5,000 — to buy a small manufacturing company on a farm near Valley to build farm elevators. Years later, with the invention of center-pivot irrigation, Valmont found its niche. It then expanded into steel pipe and tubing manufacturing for irrigation systems and other industries. Through acquisitions and new construction, the company grew to be a global player in certain segments of the agriculture, communications and utilities markets. Today, Valmont’s worldwide operations are constantly looking for opportunities to expand its four business sectors: engineered support structures (steel and aluminum poles for traffic lights, street lighting, etc.); utility support structures (poles for electrical transmission lines, etc.); irrigation; and coatings (galvanization).
Fortune rank: No. 929 on revenue of $2.1 billion; up from No. 934 last year.
History: Clarence L. Werner founded Werner Enterprises Inc. in 1956 at age 19. It grew to become a premier transportation and logistics company with operations throughout North America, Asia, Europe, South America, Africa and Australia. The Omaha-based company is among the five largest truckload carriers in the United States, offering diverse services that include dedicated; medium-to-long-haul, regional and local van; expedited; temperature-controlled; and flatbed. Werner also provides freight management, truck brokerage, intermodal and international services. International services are provided through subsidiary companies and include ocean, air and ground transportation; freight forwarding; and customs brokerage.