ASHEVILLE, N.C. - Nestled in the westernmost part of North Carolina, which is best known for its wood furniture, Plasticard-Locktech International is at first blush an unlikely exporter. Its calling card is plastic cards, the kind that’s used to get into a hotel room or stuck inside a birthday card as a gift.

But the company, now in its 25th year, with about 305 employees and commonly known as Plicards, is the kind of exporter the Obama administration is after in its ambitious plan to double exports to more than $3 trillion by the end of next year.

The goal, called the National Export Initiative, seems unlikely to be met. The effort to double 2010’s sum of $1.8 trillion in exports nonetheless has spurred a nationwide push to encourage smaller companies to jump into global trade.

It’s also led to the Metropolitan Export Initiative, which helps big cities — 13 of them so far — take stock of the trade-related assets they have and marshal resources to boost exports.

“The export initiative made a lot of sense. It’s another way of saying a competitiveness initiative,” said Mark Vitner, senior economist for Wells Fargo Securities in Charlotte, N.C., one of the cities that the Commerce Department is considering for an export push. “What we’ve seen more in North Carolina is the ‘reshoring’: Some industry is coming back.”

Some of these companies, Vitner said, have found it cheaper to manufacture at home and export rather than produce abroad.

U.S. exports reached a record $2.2 trillion last year. But given a slowdown in China and Europe’s recession, reaching President Barack Obama’s goal next year remains a steep climb. The U.S. Commerce Department is trying to close that gap with efforts to boost exports from large metropolitan areas.

Metro areas are home to 65 percent of the U.S. population and 75 percent of the nation’s economic activity. Exports from metro areas grew by 40 percent, to $1.31 trillion, from 2009 to 2011. More than 150 metro areas, recently including Plicards’ hometown of Asheville, boast merchandise exports valued above $1 billion.

“Part of this is just bringing all the players together,” said Michael Masserman, the Commerce Department’s presidentially appointed executive director for export policy, promotion and strategy.

A major challenge in boosting exports is that the United States is the world’s largest economy, so many companies put their focus here. But 95 percent of the world’s population is abroad and presents a huge growth opportunity.

The financial crisis of 2008 helped break the mold as some companies turned to exports to make up for falling U.S. demand.

“Since 2008, we’ve seen a sharp increase in the number of companies that are interested in exporting,” said Greg Sizemore, the director of the Commerce Department’s U.S. Export Assistance Centers in Charlotte, Greensboro and Raleigh, N.C. “We’re over capacity in terms of the number of calls from companies interested in exporting.”

The Metropolitan Export Initiative helps participating cities create customized export plans. It also guides companies to better understand their foreign markets, taps into assistance programs and links exporters with shippers.

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