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Money
Feel underpaid? You're not alone. Omaha offers low wages compared to similar cities

Nebraska business leaders have been sounding the alarm on the state’s shortage of skilled workers, seeking to get politicians to do more to help the state attract the workforce it needs to grow.

But there’s something CEOs themselves can do to pull in more workers: pay higher wages. And it appears that if Omaha’s employers want to be competitive in the job market, they may need to do that.

Across an array of skilled, high-demand job fields from software app developer to auto mechanic, average wages for workers in the Omaha metro area generally lag what’s paid in other major metro areas in the region, a World-Herald analysis has found.

In fact, according to the latest federal data, Des Moines, Kansas City and Oklahoma City — the three cities that Omaha’s chamber of commerce considers to be the metro area’s biggest economic rivals — all typically pay more, especially when taking into account varying cost of living in the metro areas.

Of 16 job fields included in the analysis, Omaha’s relative pay lagged Des Moines’ in 12 of the fields, Kansas City’s in 11 and Oklahoma City’s in 13.

On average across the 16 fields, Omaha’s pay was $6,000 per worker less than in Des Moines and Oklahoma City. That’s enough for a family to take a trip to Hawaii or put a sizable down payment on a new SUV.


Lagging the competition

The Omaha metro's average wage across an array of competitive, in-demand job fields lags that of its regional competitors, particularly its three closest rivals: Des Moines, Kansas City and Oklahoma City. Below are the average of the mean wages paid in 16 high-demand, high-skill job fields, adjusted for cost-of-living differences between the metro areas.

Source: Compiled from U.S. Burea of Labor Statistics data.


The prospect of competitor cities offering up more attractive wages represents a challenge Omaha businesses may have to address to get the labor force they need.

Indeed, officials with the Greater Omaha Chamber have initiated such discussions with the chamber’s board and members. The chamber’s message is that higher wages may be necessary to attract workers during the current “global talent war” — not an easy conversation to have or fact to face.

“We are low,” said Mike Cassling, chairman of the Nebraska Tech Collaborative, an Aksarben Foundation initiative seeking to address the state’s shortage of tech workers. Cassling, CEO of health equipment sales firm CQuence Health Group, attributes Omaha’s lagging wages to the fact they haven’t been adjusted to account for increases in the metro area’s cost of living.

That said, higher wages alone won’t solve the tech crunch, Cassling said. It’s a worldwide issue, tied to demographic changes like the retirement of the U.S. baby boom generation and an increasingly complex and technical world. And the problem’s so big the state needs to continue to tackle it on all fronts, Cassling said.

“(Wages) need to be addressed, absolutely,” he said. “But that does not fix our problem.”

Recruiting talent is everything for a fast-growing tech company like Sojern, a digital travel marketing company that was launched in Omaha in 2007. Sojern has hired 54 new workers in Omaha just since January, growing its workforce to 200 in the city and nearly 600 around the world.

Part of the firm’s pitch to workers is that Omaha has been developing into an exciting tech hub in its own right, with fellow local startups like Buildertrend and Flywheel as well as the presence of major national players like PayPal, Google and Facebook.

“You don’t have to go to Chicago or Kansas City or Austin,” said Brent Brummer, Sojern’s vice president of business strategy and operations.

But Brummer said Sojern also recognizes that pay is important — not just for recruiting new workers, but also in retaining existing talent. That’s why the company this year hired a compensation manager whose job is to make sure the pay the company offers is both competitive nationally and fair internally.

BRENDAN SULLIVAN/THE WORLD-HERALD 

Recruiting talent is everything for a fast-growing tech company like Sojern, a digital travel marketing company that was launched in Omaha in 2007. Sojern has hired 54 new workers in Omaha since January, growing its workforce to 200 in the city and nearly 600 around the world.

“One of the best recruiting strategies is to focus on your existing employees and make sure your retention rates are where they need to be,” Brummer said.

Earlier this year, business leaders in Nebraska expressed concerns about their struggles to find skilled workers, saying the issue was reaching crisis levels. At times, they said, they’ve had to fill good-paying jobs in locations outside Nebraska, potentially costing the state thousands of lucrative jobs.

They called on the state to do more to keep high school graduates from leaving Nebraska, connect them to careers, step up training of underemployed workers and sell out-of-state workers on making their lives in Nebraska. Similar strategies were advocated this summer by Blueprint Nebraska, a 10-year economic development strategy developed by leaders from both the state’s public and private sectors.

But employers also clearly have a role to play in luring workers through the wages they offer. To see how competitive the Omaha metro area’s employers are on that front, The World-Herald examined pay for “H3” workers — those in high-demand, high-tech and high-paying job fields.

The analysis looked at federal wage data from May 2018 for 16 of the metro area’s largest H3 occupations, including management positions, business support roles like auditors and accountants, computer specialists, nurses and more blue-collar professions like electricians and plumbers.

Wages were compared with those in three metro areas the Omaha chamber considers competitors (Des Moines, Kansas City and Oklahoma City) as well as three others the chamber calls peers (Louisville, Colorado Springs and Salt Lake City).

The figures showed that Omaha’s rank among the seven metro areas varied widely, depending on the job. For example, Omaha paid the highest average wage in construction management. But its average wages to carpenters ranked last.

Most often, Omaha ranked in the middle or below. And the average of its pay across the 16 occupations ranked fifth, trailing Colorado Springs, Kansas City, Des Moines and Salt Lake City and ahead of only Louisville and Oklahoma City.

The picture got worse when the figures were adjusted for cost of living differences in the metro areas.

For years, Omaha’s low cost of living was a powerful weapon in the fight to lure both jobs and workers. As recently as 2013, Omaha’s cost of living was the fourth-lowest among the country’s largest metro areas and below that of its regional competitors. That meant even if pay in Omaha was somewhat lower, the dollars could still stretch further.

However, due to a sharp increase in housing costs over the past decade, Omaha’s cost-of-living advantage has eroded. Compared with its closest regional competitors, living in Omaha is now 5% more expensive than in Des Moines, more than 10% pricier than in Oklahoma City, and roughly equal to Kansas City. More than half the cost advantage Omaha held over the U.S. average is gone now, too.

When the 2018 pay data is adjusted for cost of living, Omaha’s wage average across the 16 fields still ranked fifth in the group. But it trailed all three of Omaha’s closest rivals, as low-cost Oklahoma City jumped to the top of the list, joining Des Moines and Kansas City to rank 1-2-3.

Conversely, Omaha’s pay was roughly equal to No. 6 Louisville and only clearly ahead of Salt Lake City, which has the highest cost of living among the competitors. In 11 of the 16 occupations, Omaha’s pay ranked in the bottom half of the comparison group.

Looking beyond just H3 jobs, Omaha’s cost-of-living-adjusted pay ranked fifth across all occupations, with Des Moines, Oklahoma City and Kansas City ranking 1-2-3, respectively.


Cost of living in some major metros

How does Omaha compare to other large metro areas across the United States? The map below shows the cost of living in 2018 compared to the national average.


“For whatever reason, we are not paying as much as some of our competitor cities are,” said David Drozd, a demographer from the University of Nebraska at Omaha’s Center for Public Affairs Research, who reviewed the data. “No employer wants their bottom line hurt by higher wage costs. But in some sense, in this competitive workforce environment, they can’t afford not to do it.”

Omaha’s ranking in H3 pay stood in stark contrast to where it was a decade ago, when Omaha’s cost of living was the lowest in the group. In 2009, Omaha’s average pay in the 16 occupations ranked No. 2 of the seven metro areas, trailing only Colorado Springs. Of the 16 occupations back then, Omaha’s pay topped Des Moines in 9, Kansas City in 11 and Oklahoma City in 15.

Compared with the nation, Omaha’s average pay across the 16 fields was slightly above the U.S. average in 2009. Now it lags by 8%.

The contrasting figures from 2009 and 2018 suggest that wages in Omaha simply have not been adjusted upward to reflect the metro area’s rising cost of living.


10 years ago

Across the same fields in 2009, the Omaha metro's relative wages ranked higher than most of its regional rivals. It appears wages in Omaha have not been adjusted to reflect increases in the cost of living since that time. Below is the average of the mean wage paid in 16 high-demand, high-skill job fields, adjusted for cost-of-living differences between the metro areas in 2009.

Source: Compiled from U.S. Burea of Labor Statistics data.


“The old mantra ‘We don’t have to pay as much because the cost of living is less’ is no longer valid for Omaha,” Cassling said. “I do think some of that mentality is still here.”

But that’s not the only reason for the slippage in Omaha’s standing. Even without taking into account cost-of-living changes, Omaha’s average wage increase across the 16 H3 fields since 2009 was the lowest among the seven metro areas.

Drozd said the apparent wage gap revealed by the numbers is a concern when it comes to both attracting and retaining workers, particularly for those with no children or family ties “who can just as easily take a job in Kansas City as here.”

Rebecca Stavick of Do Space, the digital library and technology hub that Omaha philanthropists established to increase public access to technology, said if Omaha is serious about making the city a nationally competitive hub for tech, it will need to offer nationally competitive pay for tech workers.

“It only makes sense,” she said.

Dusty Davidson, co-founder of WordPress hosting firm Flywheel, said he found the numbers “super interesting.”

Davidson said as far as he knows, the wages his firm has been offering have been “market plus.” But he said that after Flywheel’s recent acquisition by another firm in Austin, his company has been seeking to become more sophisticated and data-driven in its decisions on pay.

“It’s more important than ever to be empirical about how we think about salaries across regions to maintain as equitable treatment as possible for Flywheelers,” he said.

Two economists said if Omaha’s wages are lagging, the problem should ultimately become self-correcting. In the end, the businesses will pay what they must to attract and keep the workers they require.

“The companies know what they need to do in terms of salary,” said Creighton University’s Ernie Goss. “The don’t need an economist or bureaucrat to tell them.”

Eric Thompson, a University of Nebraska-Lincoln economist who monitors Omaha’s market conditions for the Omaha chamber, said firms will raise pay if it makes business sense for them to do so. “You don’t need to jawbone them into doing it,” he said.

David Brown, CEO of the Greater Omaha Chamber of Commerce, said he expects upward pressure on wages as Omaha competes on a national and global level for talent.

But he said simply paying more isn’t enough. Employers also need to pay attention to workplace practices, including providing flexible scheduling that appeals to families, offering professional development opportunities and recognizing employee achievement.

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“A competitive salary clearly is a driver in a person’s decision to accept or stay in a position, but not the only one,” Brown said.

Bryan Slone, president of the Nebraska Chamber of Commerce and Industry, agreed that workers care about wages, but he said they’re also looking for quality of life. That’s where Omaha and Nebraska have an advantage over markets where workers might make more money but then spend an hour commuting at the start and end of each day.

“You have to pay a competitive wage — it doesn’t have to be the top wage — you have to sell the culture of your company, and the quality of life advantage that Nebraska has,” Slone said. “You put those things together, and you can compete in the national market for the best talent.”

Cassling is likewise bullish on Omaha’s ability to draw tech workers if it offers competitive pay and drives awareness of the great tech opportunities and attractive lifestyle available here.

“We totally can compete,” he said.

Brummer said Sojern is doing all it can to attract the workers it needs. That includes providing “a cool work environment” at its new offices near 180th and Burke, featuring a casual dress code, open work spaces, shuffleboard tables and meals catered in.

“We are constantly trying to get our employees to think of total rewards,” Brummer said. “That has been powerful for us in keeping people happy and making them feel we are competitive.”

But Sojern also understands that shuffleboard tables don’t pay the rent. That’s why pay is a focus, too. The company uses its compensation manager and benchmarking tools to help ensure pay is competitive “with surrounding markets that could be potentially pulling our workforce away,” Brummer said.

Sojern must be doing something right. Brummer said its employee retention rates in Omaha are the best of any of 13 markets globally in which the company operates. Sojern likes the quality of the new graduates it’s recruiting from local colleges, too.

Combining competitive wages with the other advantages Omaha offers, Brummer is confident the company will be able to continue to thrive here.

“We have big plans for Omaha,” he said. “We think Omaha is a differentiator for us.”

* * *

Omaha wages lag across many occupations

Across 16 high-demand, high-skill job fields, average wages paid in the Omaha metro often lag those of its regional competitors, especially when adjusted for cost of living.

Omaha wages lag across many occupations

Photos: Inside Omaha's Sojern offices

Crime
An old newspaper, a news alert and a #MeToo moment for 5 Omaha women abused by a masseur

In late July, Lynne was cooped up with a cold for a few days.

She was so bored, so stir crazy, that she offered to help a friend paint his living room.

The friend had spread newspapers across his floors, taping them to the baseboards.

Because Lynne didn’t feel well, she offered to do the trim. That way, she could save a little energy by painting from her knees.

As she brushed away, hoping the paint fumes would clear her sinuses, she looked down.

There, on the floor, was a face from her past, a face she had tried to forget.

Christopher Sampson in 2017

In the sixth column of the Sunday World-Herald was the mugshot of massage therapist Christopher Sampson — his slicked-back hair and goatee as unforgettable as what he did to her.

During a 2016 couples massage at Sampson’s former massage business, with her boyfriend in the room, the massage started out typically, fingers kneading her scalp and neck. Sampson eventually moved to Lynne’s lower half, slowly working up her calf and thigh.

Then he digitally penetrated her.

“It was one of those things where it wasn’t long but it was incredibly long,” Lynne said. “And incredibly there.”

Lynne, then 32, wanted to donkey-kick Sampson right in the source of his perversion. Instead, she froze. Sampson was 6-2, 380 pounds. And though she was freaking out, she just wanted the ordeal to end.

A half-hour later, it did.

Then Lynne, who owns her own business, suffered the indignity of having to pay $120 for the “couples massage” — a massage in which she was sexually assaulted. She rode home and eventually decided not to say a word to anyone — not police, not her family, not even the boyfriend who was alongside her in the room.

Two years later, as she knelt reading the Sunday story on the floor, something else started hitting the makeshift drop cloths: her tears.

“I was floored — totally paralyzed looking at it,” she said. “I didn’t think this would ever come up. And there I was, feeling all sorts of dread and guilt and responsibility for everyone else he hurt.”

* * *

A month earlier, Anne, 35, received a notification on her phone. The World-Herald sends out email alerts, often listing breaking news stories or in-depth articles.

The alert drew Anne’s attention because of a headline out of Baltimore: “At least 7 wounded, 1 fatally, in cookout shooting.” Then Anne scrolled down. The next headline was this: “Stripped of his license, charged with sexual assault, accused masseur still runs massage business.”

Under the headline was a picture of Sampson’s business, Sol System Massage. The same shop Anne had visited in February 2017.

Heart pounding, Anne clicked on the article. Thumbing down the story, the details were so crisp, the memories so vivid, that she initially believed the article was recounting her own experience.

Like the woman in the original World-Herald story — an early 30s woman who was about 7 months pregnant — Anne had gone to Sampson for a massage. Like the woman in the story, Anne was 7 months pregnant as Sampson started massaging her scalp and her temples. He moved to her lower half.

Then he started talking about something weird: recounting how he had been charged with sexual assault for “something I didn’t do.”

“This is all I did,” Sampson told Anne.

He put his hand on Anne’s vagina, over her underwear.

Like Lynne, Anne said Sampson did it quickly. But there was no mistaking what he had just done. The placement of his hand was no reenactment; it was assault.

Like Lynne, Anne froze.

Like Lynne, Anne had the indignity of having to act like everything was fine as she paid Sampson.

Unlike Lynne, Anne immediately told two people: her husband and a co-worker who advocates for sexual abuse survivors. Both asked Anne if she wanted to go to police.

Anne, whose day job involves advocating for domestic violence victims, agonized about it for a while. Ultimately, she decided not to go to police. At that point, she said, she was mere weeks from giving birth to her second child. She wanted to move on.

That night, that weekend, she curled up on her couch and cried.

“I’m an advocate, so I never thought I would be the person who wouldn’t speak up,” she said. “I just remember feeling so dirty. I just did whatever it took to get through it.”

* * *

“Sunlight is said to be the best of disinfectants; electric light the most efficient policeman,” U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brandeis, 1914.

A little light, a little ink, a little technology led, ultimately, to a bit of justice for Anne, Lynne and three other women assaulted by Sampson. (The World-Herald doesn’t name people who have been sexually assaulted unless they want to be identified; in this case, Anne and Lynne are the women’s middle names.)

In April, before Anne and Lynne came forward, this newspaper wrote about the one sexual assault case pending against Sampson over his assault of a pregnant woman, Sarah. The story also noted that Sampson still was being allowed to operate his business, despite the charge against him.

Christopher Sampson

In fact, Sampson’s case had been slogging through court for more than two years as he did what some defendants do: delay and hope the case goes away. Sampson and his defense filed several motions, attempting to get into Sarah’s mental health records.

The case was destined for trial, prosecutor Amy Schuchman said.

Then the story came out. Anne came forward. Then Lynne. Then a fourth woman, a schoolteacher who said Sampson did the same thing to her in 2010. A fifth woman, Jill, already had been waiting in the wings, ready to testify.

Faced with five accusers, Sampson had little choice. Last month, the 44-year-old man pleaded no contest to three counts of sexual assault: two felonies and one misdemeanor. He faces up to 71 years in prison when he is sentenced in November.

The women deserve credit for ultimately coming forward, Chief Deputy Douglas County Attorney Brenda Beadle said.

The case was #MeToo meets masseur. But the #MeToo movement — which has upended doctors, actors, television personalities, movie producers, politicians, even judges because of sexual misconduct allegations — was slow to gain steam in this case.

Beadle said there was a simple reason. All the women thought they were alone, the sole victim of a massage therapist with bad intentions.

“The last three women wouldn’t have come forward without (The World-Herald’s) story,” she said. “Their willingness to come forward is the reason he pled.

“You see that happen and you go, ‘Wow, there really is strength in numbers.’ ”

* * *

The reality is that Sampson could have been stopped long before The World-Herald’s report in 2019.

Jill, 21 at the time, was the first to come forward against Sampson — in 2016.

A ballet dancer, she had gone to Sampson for a massage. In the course of the massage, he had run his hand over her underwear-covered vagina.

She wasted no time. She told her mom. That same day, she went to Project Harmony, an advocacy center that investigates abuse, and reported Sampson’s touching.

Omaha City Prosecutor Matt Kuhse charged Sampson with third-degree sexual assault — the standard misdemeanor for touching someone’s private parts over their clothing.

But as the case approached trial, Kuhse’s office consulted with Jill and her mother and let them know that prosecutors were going to allow Sampson to plead to disturbing the peace and receive six months of probation.

The plea bargain meant that Sampson wouldn’t have to register as a sex offender. And it meant that he would keep his massage business.

“If you can achieve a fair result without causing additional anxiety and stress on a victim who is going through this, I think that’s a worthwhile outcome,” Kuhse said this year.

* * *

Lynne and Anne aren’t so sure.

In addition to probation, Sampson reached an agreement with the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services that allowed him to keep his license. Sampson signed an “assurance of compliance” that he would not “commit any act of sexual abuse, misconduct or exploitation, including making comments, gestures or physical contacts of a sexual nature, in his professional relationship with clients.”

He signed the document on Sept. 13, 2016.

The plea, and the administrative warning, left Sampson free to prey again. And again. And again.

Within a month of him successfully completing probation in early 2017, Anne showed up for her massage. Then Lynne.

Then Sarah.

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Like Anne, Sarah, who is in her early 30s, was two months away from giving birth.

She had been seeing a masseuse regularly because of lower-back pain stemming from her pregnancy. Her regular masseuse was booked so, in pain, Sarah used an app on her phone to book an appointment at Sampson’s shop.

He had her fill out a health questionnaire and, though he wasn’t a doctor, a medical release form. He told her he specialized in a “sciatic release” massage and would be able to help her with that pain.

The first thing that gave her pause: Sampson requested that she fully undress, saying he could more easily “work on her sciatic nerve if her underwear was off,” Detective Makayla Stiles wrote in a court affidavit.

She laid naked on her side, with a pillow between her legs and a sheet draped over her. Like the others, Sampson began the massage on her neck and shoulder areas. He then told her he would be working on her hip area, and ripped the sheet off her back, like a waiter snapping off a tablecloth.

She froze. He started kneading his knuckles between her butt cheeks, then her vagina.

“Don’t think of this as sexual,” he told her. “You’re not paying me enough for that.”

He then told Sarah that his clients don’t think of his massages as “sexual” but some clients have had “multiple orgasms” while on his table. He moved around the table to the top of her head and ran his hands down her side, cupping her breasts and asking if her “milk had come in yet.”

All the while, Sarah froze, managing only to laugh nervously on occasion. She told police she wanted to scream, wanted to get up, but instead lay there, hoping it would end. He was big. She was vulnerable.

“I was mortified,” she told police. “Too scared to say anything.”

He briefly left the room. Sarah hopped up and put on her underwear and bra.

He quickly returned and had her get back on the table. He spread her legs and rubbed the inside of her thighs close to her bikini line, telling her: “It’s a good thing you have your underwear on.” He soon left.

Sarah got fully dressed, paid Sampson and went to leave. He asked for a hug. She reluctantly gave him one.

Sarah “felt physically ill and dirty and went home” and googled sciatic massages, Stiles wrote. The next day, she called her regular massage therapist and described the massage. The masseuse told her to call police.

Sarah did.

Her reaction seems natural — she was violated and she wasn’t going to stand for it.

But prosecutors say the reactions of Anne and Lynne were just as natural. The National Institute of Justice reports that just 1 out of 3 women who are sexually assaulted report those crimes to police.

Each woman processes a violation differently, said Schuchman, the prosecutor. Lynne just wanted to stop thinking about it. Anne wanted to focus on having her second son.

“All of them have had to work through this on their own,” Schuchman said. “Each time I spoke with them, they would say, ‘If I had just spoken up earlier, then there wouldn’t have been more victims.’

“I told them, ‘There’s a ton of reasons that people don’t report right way. You can’t beat yourself up. This isn’t your fault. It’s his fault.’ ”

* * *

Last month, Anne, Lynne and the schoolteacher who was assaulted in 2010 gathered at the Douglas County Courthouse.

Sampson’s trial in the attack on Sarah was set to begin on Sept. 30.

Schuchman requested that Douglas County District Judge Peter Bataillon allow Anne, Lynne, Jill and the teacher to testify at Sampson’s trial, citing a law that permits such testimony if the crimes are substantially similar.

Bataillon already had ruled that Jill could testify; it was likely he would allow the others to do so, as well.

Though she had attended dozens of hearings on behalf of crime victims, Anne said she had never been more nervous. Lynne was so unnerved that she had a hard time deciding if she even wanted to wait outside the courtroom.

As they stood in the hallway, Schuchman delivered the news: Sampson would plead to the three charges, in return for prosecutors dropping a couple of others. She encouraged the women to watch him do so, to witness the reckoning, from the gallery.

They filed in together — a pack of about eight, including loved ones, friends and victims’ advocates.

They were subjected to Sampson one more time.

As they filed in, Sampson swiveled 180 degrees in his chair and stared at the women.

He then called out: “I need to take a look at you all because I’ve never seen you before — ever.”

At that, Lynne fired back: “We know exactly who you are.”

Later, Schuchman and the women were trying to dissect what Sampson’s comment meant. It’s not as if it set up a great defense; every woman could prove they had booked a massage at Sampson’s business. It likely was for the benefit of one of Sampson’s relatives in court.

For Lynne, the comment simply reflected Sampson’s psychopathy.

“We were just an absolutely nameless, faceless body to him,” she said. “We meant nothing to him.

“So now you have to ask yourself, ‘Why does he have to be so important to us?’ ”

After the hearing, Lynne, Anne and the teacher gathered with Schuchman in the lobby of the Douglas County Attorney’s Office. Outwardly, they shared tears and hugs. Inwardly, they had what-ifs. What if the teacher had come forward in 2010? Lynne in 2016? Anne in 2017?

Then again, Jill came forward in 2016. It was of little consequence to Sampson, who went on to prey on Lynne, Anne and Sarah.

Jill “was brave and she was savvy,” Lynne said. “And his punishment was to pinky-promise he wouldn’t do it again? It’s so ridiculous.”

Both Lynne and Anne say they’re working to move forward. Anne said she has a supportive husband, a great family with two young sons and a better appreciation for the women she represents in court every day. Lynne is as independent as she always has been, although she says the memories stirred by that recycled newspaper have jolted her more than she lets on.

Together, the women shared relief — that they wouldn’t have to relive the ordeal in court; that, finally, state officials closed Sampson’s massage shop; that he won’t be able to prey on anyone else.

That they were able to speak up.

“It was such a powerful moment,” Anne said. “So many women go through things like this. And there are just so many different barriers in people’s lives that make it impossible for them to be able to come forward or express themselves. Having the others there with me, I felt empowered.”

“It felt like I had arms to fall into,” Lynne said. “We all had been strangers and yet we all understood each other because of this really twisted thing that happened to us.

“I told (Anne), ‘I’m so sorry. I wish I would have come forward sooner.’ We were both crying. And she just said, ‘Me, too.’ ”

Notable crime news of 2019