KIEV, Ukraine — The Ukrainian Parliament passed a series of laws Tuesday meant to cement the country's Western orientation while strengthening its truce with pro-Russian separatists in the southeast.
One of the Parliament's votes was to ratify an association agreement with the European Union. The rejection of the pact by the previous president just before he was scheduled to sign it led to mass demonstrations and his overthrow in a people's revolution last February.
The lawmakers also approved two laws meant to fulfill the promises Ukraine made in negotiating a shaky cease-fire with the rebels after five months of armed conflict.
One of the laws grants temporary autonomy to two regions, Donetsk and Luhansk, where the rebels tried to break away from Ukraine. The other grants amnesty to separatists who did not commit war crimes.
President Petro Poroshenko of Ukraine sought to portray the votes Tiesday as a moment of triumph for Ukraine, but they were actually concessions to Russia's significant influence over the future of the country.
The agreement with the Europe will not be fully implemented for more than a year in order to help allay Russian concerns that its market will be flooded with low-cost European goods moving through Ukraine.
As for autonomy, large areas of the two regions are rebel-held and not in the government's control; if the new laws are rejected by the separatists or their Russian patrons, they will prove meaningless.
That prospect, though, did not deter soaring rhetoric about the legislation from government officials.
"We are fixing the 350-year old mistake - Ukraine is Europe," Arseniy Yatsenuk, the prime minister, told Parliament. "It's a shame that this agreement is sealed with blood. But that was the choice, that was the price of independence."
Officials from the EU, Ukraine and Russia, meeting in Brussels last week, agreed to delay key provisions of the pact, which Moscow has long opposed, until the end of 2015.
Europe voted on Tuesday in Strasbourg, France, to ratify the agreement with Ukraine at the same time the Ukrainian Parliament was doing so.