Civil rights attorney Bryan Stevenson rarely slows down, friends and family say. It seems he's always looking over details on death penalty cases from his Montgomery, Alabama-based Equal Justice Initiative. If he's not speaking on the criminalization of black men, Stevenson is researching another historical site connected to an episode of racial violence.
But a new HBO documentary on Stevenson attempts to get him to sit, speak and explain why he believes the legacy of lynchings of African Americans in the U.S. is directly linked to those who have wrongly been put on death row. In his mind, racial structures of oppression have remained in the U.S. judicial system since the Jim Crow era and the death penalty is merely their direct descendant.
"Most people don't know about our history of lynching," Stevenson said in an interview shortly after receiving news that the Supreme Court had overturned the death sentence of Curtis Flowers, a Mississippi black man. "People have never been required to talk about it. But when you sit and think about it, the correlation is there."
Stevenson said the white lynch mob transformed into a formal judicial process in which often white prosecutors, white judges and largely white juries are tasked with deciding if a poor, black male accused of a crime is sentenced to death.
"True Justice: Bryan Stevenson's Fight for Equality" shows how the Harvard-trained attorney is dedicating his life to forcing the U.S. to face violence experienced bypeople of color.
The Delaware-born Stevenson gained national attention in 1993 after he helped exonerate Walter McMillian, a 46-year-old black pulpwood worker on death row. McMillian had been sentenced to death for the 1986 fatal shooting of an 18-year-old white woman in the Alabama town where Harper Lee wrote "To Kill a Mockingbird." But Stevenson proved that a key witness had lied and prosecutors withheld important evidence.
In the documentary, Hinton talks about sitting on death row and being forced to smell the burning flesh of other inmates in the electric chair as a guard taunted him.
The film comes as the country prepares to mark the 100th anniversary of "Red Summer" in 1919, when white mobs attacked and murdered African Americans in dozens of cities across the U.S., including Omaha. Hundreds of African Americans, some still in their World War I uniforms, were lynched and tortured amid heightened racial tensions and the rise of the revived Ku Klux Klan.
It also comes as Latino academics and activists with the group Refusing to Forget are working to educate the public about violence committed by white mobs and the Texas Rangers that claimed thousands of people of Mexican descent in the Southwest from 1910 to 1920.
"This kind of lawlessness affected all kinds of communities of color," Stevenson said. But he said African Americans have a distinct history connected to slavery that should not be ignored.