AUGUST 1

1859: Homestead land was first sold in Nebraska City.

AUGUST 2

1985: Five and a half inches of rain fell at Kimball, putting a campground under water.

AUGUST 3

1969: Still spry of heart and mind at 88, John G. Neihardt, Nebraska's poet laureate, came home to Bancroft, a village he once wrote of as a poet's town.

AUGUST 4

1904: The cornerstone was laid in Kimball for Fraternal Hall, now the Plains Historical Society Museum.

AUGUST 5

1873: A war party of Sioux Indians routed a group of Pawnee Indians on a bison hunt near present-day Trenton. The fight, known as the Battle of Massacre Canyon, left 60 to 75 Pawnees dead and more than 100 wounded or captured.

AUGUST 6

1867: A group of Cheyenne Indians led by Chief Turkey Leg set up a barricade on railroad tracks near Lexington. Two trains smashed into the barricade and derailed. The Indians attacked and killed several people before troops ran them off.

AUGUST 7

1864: Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians attacked settlers and travelers across much of Nebraska. One of the worst attacks during the uprising was at Plum Creek near Lexington. Oglala Sioux attacked a wagon train on the Oregon Trail, killing 11 people.

AUGUST 8

1859: The first homestead land was sold at Brownville.

1961: Two men robbed a branch of the Westside Bank of Omaha of $71,000 and held the bank manager and his wife hostage overnight.

1970: Nine people were killed in a car wreck in Grand Island.

1976: A Sunday school bus collided with a Burlington Northern Santa Fe train in Stratton, killing nine people.

AUGUST 9

1881: Fire roared through Pawnee City, nearly destroying the town.

1921: Former U.S. Sen. Jim Exon, D-Neb., was born at Geddes, South Dakota.

AUGUST 10

1979: The State Patrol blocked off traffic on Interstate 80 near Kearney's Elm Creek exchange as a Rockford, Illinois, pilot left Nebraska the same way he arrived when he was forced to land two weeks earlier: via the highway.

AUGUST 11

1859: By this date, 128 steamboats had arrived at Omaha-Council Bluffs during the Colorado gold rush.

AUGUST 12

1877: The city of Omaha issued permit No. 1336 to the New York Life Insurance Co. to erect a 12-story building, now known as the Omaha Building.

1982: Actor Henry Fonda, who was born in Grand Island, died in Los Angeles.

AUGUST 13

1720: Indians decimated a Spanish expedition traveling in what became Nebraska.

1859: Lawyer Abe Lincoln of Illinois, who as president would choose Omaha as the eastern terminus of the drive to complete the first transcontinental railroad, gazed at the young city from a bluff on the Iowa side of the Missouri River.

AUGUST 14

1867: A commission of state officials charged with finding a site for the capitol announced its choice of land in Lincoln.

AUGUST 15

1969: The Interstate Commerce Commission criticized the Burlington Railroad for halting a train at Hemingford and ordering passengers to continue to their destination on a chartered bus.

AUGUST 16

1955: About 200 inmates rioted at the state penitentiary in Lincoln, setting fire to the building and doing more than $100,000 in damage. National Guard troops quelled the disturbance.

AUGUST 17

1864: Troops drove back Indians in the Battle of the Little Blue in southeast Nebraska, ending a major Indian uprising that summer.

1950: The Superior-Cortland diversion dam was dedicated.

AUGUST 18

1983: Temperatures across Nebraska soared past 100 for a third day with highs reaching 107 at Grand Island, 103 at Lincoln and 101 at North Platte.

AUGUST 19

1804: Sgt. Charles Floyd died in Nebraska on the Lewis and Clark expedition. He was the only person to die during the expedition.

AUGUST 20

1875: Cattleman Tom Lonergan received the first homestead patent in Ogallala.

1953: Karen Talbot, 13, disappeared while walking home from a movie in Rushville. Seven weeks later, Rushville High School student Duane McLain confessed to killing her after she refused his attempts to kiss her.

AUGUST 21

1873: After drought and a grasshopper plague had afflicted the state, Gov. Robert Furnas issued a statement saying crops were not failing.

AUGUST 22

1865: Gen. S.R. Curtis left a cannon at the fortified O.K. Store in Grand Island, where settlers congregated to discourage Indian attacks.

AUGUST 23

1983: The Henry Doorly Zoo received a tiger from Moscow, but not the female Siberian tiger promised. Instead, the Omaha zoo received a male Siberian tiger that had been intended for the Bronx Zoo in New York.

AUGUST 24

1804: The Lewis and Clark expedition came upon a Missouri River bluff that appeared to be on fire.

AUGUST 25

1967: Reacting to a Chicago plan, Charles A. Peters, president of the Omaha Board of Education, called transportation of children from their neighborhood schools a "false approach" to improving education in poverty areas.

AUGUST 26

1864: Settlers in the Elkhorn River Valley, fearing an Indian attack that never materialized, headed to Omaha for safety.

1881: Osceola incorporated.

AUGUST 27

1943: Former U.S. Sen. Bob Kerrey, D-Neb., was born in Lincoln.

AUGUST 28

1952: Nebraska state government expenditures were running along at the record-breaking clip of $90 million a year, according to the tax commissioner's monthly report.

AUGUST 29

1854: Richard Brown arrived at the site of the town that would later bear his name, Brownville.

1949: WOW-TV began regular operation as the first television station in the state.

AUGUST 30

1873: Hitchcock County was organized.

AUGUST 31

1890: Gov. John M. Thayer dedicated the Sugar Palace in Grand Island, a building made and decorated in large part with sugar beets.

1949: KMTV in Omaha began regular broadcasts, signing on just two days after WOW became the state's first TV station. — AP

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