1776:A group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.
1910:A coal dust explosion at the Starkville Mine in Colorado left 56 miners dead.
1914:The Belgian city of Antwerp fell to German forces during World War I.
1930:Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, New York, to Glendale, California.
1936:The first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam began transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.
1940:Rock-and-roll legend John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England. (On this date in 1975, his son, Sean, was born in New York.)
1958:Pope Pius XII died at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy.
1974:Businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany.
1985:The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered two days after seizing the vessel in the Mediterranean.
2001:In the first daylight raids since the start of U.S.-led attacks on Afghanistan, jets bombed the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar.
2006:North Korea faced a barrage of condemnation and calls for retaliation after it announced that it had set off a small atomic weapon underground; President Bush said, "The international community will respond."
2012:Former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky was sentenced to 30 to 60 years in prison following his conviction on 45 counts of sexual abuse of boys.