1471: King Henry VI of England died in the Tower of London at age 49.
1868: Ulysses S. Grant was nominated for president by the Republican national convention in Chicago.
1881: Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.
1892: The opera "Pagliacci," by Ruggero Leoncavallo, premiered in Milan, Italy. 1910: A year-old Jewish settlement near the port city of Jaffa adopted the name Tel Aviv (Hebrew for "Hill of Spring").
1932: Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean as she landed in Northern Ireland, about 15 hours after leaving Newfoundland.
1941: A German U-boat sank the American merchant steamship SS Robin Moor in the South Atlantic after the ship's passengers and crew were allowed to board lifeboats.
1979: Former San Francisco City Supervisor Dan White was convicted of voluntary manslaughter in the slayings of Mayor George Moscone and openly gay Supervisor Harvey Milk; outrage over the verdict sparked rioting.
1991: Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated during national elections by a suicide bomber.