LINCOLN (AP) — A federal judge ruled that the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska can collect a liquor tax on business owners in the northeast Nebraska city of Pender.
Senior U.S. District Judge Richard Kopf ruled late last week that Pender is inside the Omaha Reservation and thus is subject to the tribe's liquor regulations, the Sioux City (Iowa) Journal reported.
In the 1860s, part of the Omaha Tribe's northern land was ceded to the Winnebago Tribe, and over time, some of the remaining Omaha land came to be owned by non-Native Americans, resulting in a “checkerboard” pattern of landownership.
Kopf cited a previous case in his conclusion: “Once a block of land is set aside for an Indian Reservation and no matter what happens to the title of individual plots within the area, the entire block retains its reservation status until Congress explicitly indicates otherwise.”
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